The agreement applies to the 3,500 Gurkhas who serve in the British Army and to nearly 40,000 Gurkhas in the Indian Army. It does not apply to the Gurkhas of the Nepalese Army. There has been no significant movement of these positions for decades. In addition, some Kashmiris are looking for a third option – independence – that neither India nor Pakistan is considering. After Jyoti Bhusan The Book of Jammu and Kashmir in Gupta, However, Mountbatten warned that it would be “dangerous to send troops if Kashmir had not offered to join first”, arguing that this would lead to a war between India and Pakistan. He proposed that accession be considered provisional and “if law and order had been restored in Kashmir, a referendum on the future of Kashmir should be held.” On August 12, 1947, J-K entered into a status quo agreement with India and Pakistan and stated: “Jammu and the Government of Kashmir would welcome a status quo agreement with the Indian Union/Pakistan on all matters on which there are agreements with the outgoing government of British India.” The two countries fought wars for Kashmir in 1947/48 and 1965. They formalized the initial ceasefire line as a line of control in the Simla Agreement, which did not prevent further clashes in 1999 on the Siachen Glacier, which is outside the line of control. India and Pakistan were again at the point of war in 2002. Article 8 stated that “nothing in this instrument infringes on the sovereignty” of the Maharajah, while Article 9 expressly stated that he signed the document on behalf of the State of Jammu and Kashmir. It is therefore clear that the Indian government recognized the Maharajah as the legal representative of the people of Jammu and Kashmir. However, India refused to sign the agreement and asked Maharaja to send its representative to Delhi for further discussions. “The Indian government would appreciate it if you and another minister duly authorized on this behalf could travel to Delhi to negotiate a status quo agreement between the Kashmir government and Indian rule.

Early measures are desirable to keep existing administrative agreements and arrangements intact,” he said. But no representative of J-K visited Delhi to negotiate. Pakistani Governor General Mohammad Ali Jinnah sent his private secretary Khurshid Hasan Khurshid to Srinagar to assure the Maharajah of signing an instrument of accession to Pakistan. “His Majesty has been told that he is a sovereign who alone has the power to give membership; He does not need to consult; that he should not take care of Sheikh Abdullah or the National Conference…¬†Jinnah`s letter, delivered by Khurshid to the Maharajah, said. After being elected to an unprecedented third term in 1987, the stubborn Thatcher, within her own party, experienced dissent over her opposition to continued economic integration between Britain and the rest of Europe and her establishment of a largely unpopular electoral taxation system. In November 1990, at the request of her party colleagues, she resigned as Prime Minister and was replaced by John Major.

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